Archive for Jewish Christians

How do Christian Identity nuts explain this?

Posted in Christianity, cults, Hate, Israel, Israeli, Jewish History, racism with tags , , , on March 27, 2009 by Michael Burks

http://jesusisajew.org/Saint_Paul_was_a_Jew.php

I was reading some “sermons” last night after getting home from a night out with friends. Christian Identity people claim that Paul(Saul) was Aryan like they do with Jewish. One problem, Paul lived a Jewish life and even admitted he himself was Jewish –

“Saint Paul” was a Lifelong Jew
The man known as “St. Paul” was first called Saul (pronounced Sha’ul in Hebrew), and that is the name used in this article. He was called Saul in Acts 7:58, Acts 8:1, and Acts 9:1. His first encounter with Yeshua (“Jesus”) was in Acts 9:3-6, where the Lord addressed him as Saul. This episode is also told in Acts 22:7 and Acts 26:14, and in both of those the Lord also addressed him as Saul. When speaking about him to Ananias in a vision, the Lord said he was called “Saul of Tarsus” (Acts 9:11). It was not until Acts 13:9 that he was referred to as “Saul who was also known as Paul.” To this day, it is not unusual for Jews in the diaspora to have two names. One is used by family or other Jews, the second is how they are known by the larger society around them. Unlike the case of Jacob who became Israel, Saul’s name was never changed by God.

Note – Saul was and still is, a common name among Jewish males, not Aryans.

In Phil 3:5 Saul called himself a “Hebrew of Hebrews,” probably meaning “I speak Hebrew and I came from Hebrew-speaking parents.” His father was a Pharisee (Acts 23:6). In his letter to the believers in Philippi, Saul described himself as having been circumcised as an infant on the eighth day (Phil 3:5). Obviously his Jewish parents did this in observance of the Torah commandment (Lev 12:2-3). He further confirmed this by stating that he is of the people Israel and he went on to cite his tribal descent (Benjamin), which is something few Jews can do today. We see the same in Romans 11:1, where Saul wrote that he was, “an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.”

Note – As much as CI nuts lie, Hebrew has never been the speech of Aryan people.

As a believer in Yeshua, Saul continued to be a Jew. When he first came to faith he took a mikvah (Acts 9:18) and taught in the Synagogues of Damascus (Acts 9:20). Indeed, he initially argued with the Hellenists (Acts 9:29). Saul continued to worship with other Jews. The book of Acts contains at least ten other references to his ongoing Synagogue attendance (13:5, 13:14, 13:44, 14:1, 17:1-2, 17:10, 17:17, 18:4, 18:19, 19:8). Saul self-identified as a Jew (Gal 2:15), and he considered other Jewish believers to be Jewish (Gal 2:13). For instance, he considered Kefa (Peter) to be Jewish (Gal 2:14).

Note – Synagogues have always been the place of worship for the Jewish people.

The Macedonians recognized that Saul was Jewish (Acts 16:20-21) and the Ephesians recognized his fellow believers to be Jews (Acts 19:34). He called the people Israel his brethren and countrymen (Rom 9:3-4). His travelling companions, friends, and hosts were Jewish (Acts 4:3615:22, 16:1, 18:2-3, 18:24, 19:3422:12).

Note – Funny how the non-Jews clearly recognized Paul as Jewish. If Hebrews were white as CI nuts claim, how could they have noticed?

I could go on, but I think you get my point. I wonder why I’m wasting so much time with these CI nuts? Seriously, anyone with half a brain know they are liars and servants of Satan.

To Christian Identity losers – how do you explain the fact the first 15 Christian Bishops were Jewish?

Posted in Christianity, cults, Hate, Israel, Israeli, Jewish History, Middle East, News, racism, Religion, Uncategorized with tags , , on March 26, 2009 by Michael Burks

http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Jewish_Christians

The term “Early Jewish Christians” is often used in discussing the Early History of Christianity, see also Early Christianity . Jesus , his Twelve Apostles , the Elders , his family , and essentially all of his early followers  were Jewish or Jewish Proselyte s. Hence the 3,000 converts on Pentecost (Sivan  6), following the death and resurrection of Jesus  (Nisan  14 or 15), described in Acts of the Apostles , were all Jews and Proselytes. Samaritans were not Jewish (Judean), but are still identified with the tribes of Israel and also numbered among the early followers, as is the Ethiopian eunuch  . Traditionally the Roman Centurion Cornelius  is considered the first Gentile  convert, as recorded in , albeit he too is a “God-fearer”  proselyte who participated in a Jewish synagogue. The major division prior to that time was between Hellenistic  and non-Hellenistic Jews or Koine Greek   and Aramaic  speakers. The conversion and acceptance of the Gentile Cornelius can be described in terms of the Judaic teaching which describes strangers becoming part of the community . Acts does not use the term “Jewish Christians”, rather those led by James the Just, Simon Peter, and John the Apostle , the “Pillars of the Church”, were called followers of “The Way”. Later groups, or perhaps the same group by different names, were the Ebionites  and Elkasites.

The “Christian” appellation was first applied to the followers after Paul of Tarsus  started preaching at Antioch . Paul made explicit the division between those who were circumcised  and those who were not circumcised in his Epistle to the Galatians 2:7-9:

History of Christianity

This article outlines the history of Christianity and provides links to relevant topics….

Early Christianity

The term Early Christians here refers to Christianity of the period before the First Council of Nicaea in 325….

Jesus

Jesus,Some of the historians and Biblical scholars who place the birth and death of Jesus within this range include D….

Twelve Apostles

The Twelve Apostles were men that according to the Synoptic Gospels and Christian tradition, were chosen from among the Disciple of Jesus for a mission….

Elder (religious)

A religious elder is valued for his or her wisdom, in part for their age, on the grounds that the older one is then the more one is likely to know….

Desposyni

The Desposyni was a sacred name reserved only for Jesus’ blood relatives. The closely related word meaning lord, master, or ship owner is commonly used of God, human slave-masters, and of Jesus in the reading Luke 13:25 found in Papyrus 75, in…

Disciple (Christianity)

In Christianity, the disciples were the students of Jesus during his ministry. Though often restricted to the twelve apostles, the gospels refer to varying numbers of disciples….

Proselyte

Proselyte, from the Koine Greek p??s???t??/proselytos, is used in the Septuagint for stranger, i.e., a newcomer to Israel; a sojourner in the land, and in the New Testament for a Religious conversion#The convert.2Fproselyte to Judaism f…

Pentecost

Pentecost or Pentecost Sunday is a feast on the Christianity liturgical calendar that commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and women followers of Jesus, fifty days after Easter, and ten days after Ascension Thur…

Sivan

Sivan is the ninth month of the ecclesiastical year and the third month of the civil year on the Hebrew calendar….

Death and Resurrection of Jesus

The Death of Jesus and the Resurrection of Jesus are two events in the New Testament in which Jesus is crucified on one day , then resurrected on the third….

Nisan

Nisan is the first month of the civil year and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar….

Acts of the Apostles

The Acts of the Apostles is a book of the Bible, which now stands fifth in the New Testament….

Eunuch

A eunuch can be either a castrated man or, in ancient terms, any man who is impotent with women for a wide variety of reasons….

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Rome civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government….

Centurion Cornelius

Cornelius was a Roman Empire Centurion who is considered by Christians to be the first Gentile to convert to the faith, as related in Acts of the Apostles, 10:1….

Gentile

The word Gentile from the Latin gentilis, can either be a translation of the Hebrew goy/??? or of the Hebrew word nochri/????….

Godfearers

The Godfearers or Sebioi in Greek language are messianic Non-Jews who from the earliest of times have worshipped The Name of the Hebrew Elohim….

Hellenization

Hellenization is a term used to describe a cultural change in which something non-Greek becomes Greek. The process can either be voluntary, or applied with varying degrees of force….

Koine Greek

Koine Greek refers to the forms of the Greek language used in post-classical antiquity . Other names are Alexandrian, Hellenistic, Common, or New Testament Greek….

James the Just

Saint James the Just, also called James Adelphos, James of Jerusalem, or the Brother of the Lord and sometimes identified with James the Lesser, was an important figure in History of Christianity#The Earliest Church….

John the Apostle

John the Apostle , also known as John the Revelator, was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus….

Ebionites

The Ebionites were an early sect of mostly Jewish followers of Jesus, which flourished in the early centuries of the Common Era, one of several ancient “Jewish Christian” groups that existed during the Roman and Byzantine periods in the Levant….

Christian

A Christian is a follower of Jesus, referred to as Christ. Christians believe Jesus to be the Son of God, who lived a life befitting that of the creator of the universe, free of sin, who at the end of his earthly life was Crucifixion, and then…

Paul of Tarsus

Paul of Tarsus, also known as Paul the Apostle or Saint Paul , is widely considered to be central to the early development and spread of Christianity, particularly westward from Jerusalem….

Circumcision in the Bible

Circumcision, when practiced as a rite, has its foundations in the Bible, in the Abrahamic covenant, such as , and is therefore practiced by Jews and Muslims and some Christians, those who constitute the Abrahamic religions….

Epistle to the Galatians

The Epistle to Galatians is a book of the New Testament. It is a letter from Paul of Tarsus to a number of early Christian communities in the Roman province of Galatia in central Anatolia….

“On the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel for the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been entrusted with the gospel for the circumcised (for he who worked through Peter making him an apostle to the circumcised also worked through me in sending me to the Gentiles), and when James and Cephas

Aramaic of Jesus

Most scholars believe that Jesus probably primarily spoke Aramaic language with some Hebrew language and at least a limited grasp of Koine Greek….
 and John, who were acknowledged pillars, recognized the grace that had been given to me, they gave to Barnabas

Barnabas

See separate entry for Barnabas or the Sydney Anglican church, St. Barnabas, Broadway.Saint Barnabas was an early Christian mentioned in the New Testament….
 and me the right hand of fellowship, agreeing that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.” (NRSV)

These terms (circumcised/uncircumcised) are generally interpreted to mean Jews and Greeks , who were predominant; however they are an oversimplification as 1st century Iudaea Province  also had some Jews who no longer circumcised (sometimes called Hellenized Jews), and some Greeks (called Proselytes or Judaizers ) and others such as Egyptians, Ethiopians, and Arabs who did. See also Abrahamic religion .

Jesus is frequently called the “Nazarene” (; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; . Named after him, the followers of Paul are the Nazarenes (, Jerome, Commentary on Isaiah 9:1).

The Council of Jerusalem , according to , determined that circumcision was not required of Gentile converts, only avoidance of “pollution of idols , fornication , things strangled, and blood” (KJV, Acts 15:20). The basis for these prohibitions is unclear, Acts 15:21 states only: “For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath  day”, the implication being that they are based on the Law of Moses. Many, beginning with Augustine of Hippo consider them to be based on the Noahide Laws , while some modern scholars reject the connection to Noahide Law and instead see as the basis. Also unclear is whether this meant that this Law in some way applied to them or merely that the requirements were imposed to facilitate common participation in the Christian community by Gentiles who would be in constant relation with the Jewish Christians who would be constantly reminded of their obligation to follow the Law. See also Biblical law in Christianity  and Expounding of the Law .

The early Jewish Christians included those who believed non-Jews must become Jews and adopt Jewish customs . They were derogatively called Judaizers, and even Paul used this term against Jesus’s student Peter in public according to Young’s Literal Translation  of : However, Barnabas, Paul’s partner up till then, sided with Peter (, ). Catholic Encyclopedia: Judaizers: The Incident at Antioch claims: “St. Paul’s account of the incident leaves no doubt that St. Peter saw the justice of the rebuke.” however, L. Michael White’s From Jesus to Christianity claims: “The blowup with Peter was a total failure of political bravado, and Paul soon left Antioch as persona non grata, never again to return.” See also Pauline Christianity . Scholar James D. G. Dunn, who coined the phrase New Perspective on Paul , has proposed that Peter was the bridge-man (i.e. the pontifex maximus) between the two other “prominent leading figures” of early Christianity: Paul and James the Just.

Marcion in the 2nd century, called the “most dangerous” heretic , rejected the Twelve Apostles, and interpreted a Jesus  who rejected the Law of Moses using 10 Pauline Epistles  and the Gospel of Luke . For example, his version of Luke 23:2 (*): “We found this fellow [Jesus] perverting the nation and destroying the law and the prophets”. Irenaeus  in turn rejected Marcion and praised the Twelve Apostles in his Against Heresies 3.12.12: http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/ANF-01/anf01-60.htm#P7525_2024213

Greeks

The Greeks are an ethnic group mostly found in the southern Balkan peninsula of southeastern Europe and are primarily associated with the Greek language….

Iudaea Province

Iudaea was a Roman province that extended over Judaea.During the 1st century BCE Judea lost its autonomy to the Roman Empire by becoming first a Client state, then a province of the empire….

Judaizers

Judaizers is a pejorative term used in the Bible in the Epistles of St. Paul, and particularly after the third century, to describe Jewish Christian groups like the Ebionites and Nazarenes who believed that followers of Jesus needed to keep the…

Abrahamic religion

In the study of comparative religion, an Abrahamic religion or Judeo-Abrahamic Faith is any religion deriving from a common ancient Semitic tradition and traced by their adherents to Abraham…

Council of Jerusalem

“Council of Jerusalem” is a name applied in retrospect to a meeting described in Acts of the Apostles chapter 15….

Idolatry

Idolatry is a major sin in the Abrahamic religions regarding image. In Judaism and Christianity it is defined as worship of an = Etymology …

Fornication

Fornication is a term which refers to any Human sexual behavior between unmarried partners. Sex between unmarried persons is distinguished from adultery by use of the term ‘simple fornication’; whereas relations in which at least one of the par…

Shabbat

Shabbat , is the weekly day of rest in Judaism. It is observed, from before sundown on Friday until after nightfall on Saturday, by many Jewish people with varying degrees of involvement in Judaism….

Noahide Laws

The Seven Noahide Laws , also called the Brit Noah mitzvot and Halakha that are morally binding on non-Jews according to Judaism….

Biblical law in Christianity

Biblical law, commonly called Mosaic Law or Divine Law, refers to the statements or principles of law and ethics contained in the Five Books of Moses , the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, which is incorporated into the Christian Bible, wh…

Expounding of the Law

The Expounding of the Law, sometimes called the Expounding of the Law#Antithesis of the Law, is a less well known but highly structured part of the Sermon on the Mount, following both the famed Beatitudes and the metaphors of salt and light….

Halakha

Halakha is the collective corpus of Judaism religious law, including biblical law and later talmudic and rabbinic law as well as customs and traditions….

Young’s Literal Translation

Young’s Literal Translation is a translation of the Bible into English language. The translation was made by Robert Young, compiler of Young’s Analytical Concordance to the Bible and Concise Critical Comments on the New Testament, a…

Pauline Christianity

Pauline Christianity is a common form of Christianity based on the teachings of Paul of Tarsus, who declared himself the “Apostle to the Gentiles”, and its development in his circle and among his followers….

New Perspective on Paul

The New Perspective on Paul is the name given to a significant shift in how some New Testament scholars interpret the writings of Paul of Tarsus, particularly in regard to Judaism and the common Protestant understanding of Justification by Fait…

Heresy

Heresy, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is a “theological or religious opinion or doctrine maintained in opposition, or held to be contrary, to the catholic or Orthodox doctrine of the Christian Church, or, by extension, to that of …

Jesus

Jesus,Some of the historians and Biblical scholars who place the birth and death of Jesus within this range include D….

Pauline epistles

The Pauline epistles are the thirteen or fourteen letters in the New Testament of the Christian Bible traditionally believed to have been written by Paul of Tarsus….

Gospel of Luke

The Gospel of Luke is the third and longest of the four Biblical canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection….

Irenaeus

Irenaeus was bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul, which is now Lyon, France.His writings were formative in the early development of Christianity theology, and he is recognized as a saint by both the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Churc…

On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis

On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis , commonly called Against Heresies , is a five-volume work written by St….

“…being brought over to the doctrine of Simon Magus

Simon Magus

Simon Magus, also known as Simon the Sorcerer and Simon of Gitta, is the name used by the ancient Christian Orthodoxy to refer to a person identified as a Samaritan Gnosticism….
, they have apostatized in their opinions from Him who is God, and imagined that they have themselves discovered more than the apostles, by finding out another god; and [maintained] that the apostles preached the Gospel still somewhat under the influence of Jewish opinions, but that they themselves are purer [in doctrine], and more intelligent, than the apostles.”

According to Eusebius’ History of the Church 4.5.3-4: the first 15 Bishops of Jerusalem  were “of the circumcision”. The Romans destroyed the Jewish leadership in Jerusalem  in year 135 during the Bar Kokhba Revolt. However, that doesn’t necessarily mean an end to Jewish Christianity, any more than Valerian’s  Massacre of 258, (when he killed all Christian bishops, presbyters, and deacons, including Pope Sixtus II  and Antipope Novatian  and Cyprian of Carthage), meant an end to Roman Christianity.

Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem

The Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem is the head bishop of the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, ranking fourth of nine patriarchs in the Eastern Orthodox Church….

Jerusalem in Christianity

For Christianity, Jerusalem’s place in the life of Jesus gives it great importance, in addition to its place in the Old Testament, the Hebrew Bible, as described in the above article….

Valerian (emperor)

Publius Licinius Valerianus , known in English language as Valerian, was Roman Emperor from 253 to 260….

Pope Sixtus II

Pope Sixtus II was pope from August 30, 257 to August 6, 258, following Pope Stephen I as bishop of Rome in 257….

Antipope Novatian

Novatian was a scholar and antipope who held the title between 251 and 258.He was a noted theology and writer – the first Roman theologian who used the Latin language -, at a time when there was much debate about how to deal with Christians wh…

Circumcision controversy

A common interpretation of the circumcision controversy of the New Testament  was that it was over the issue of whether Gentiles could enter the Church directly or ought to first convert to Judaism . However, the Halakha  of Rabbinic Judaism  was still under development at this time, as the Jewish Encyclopedia   article on Jesus notes: “Jesus, however, does not appear to have taken into account the fact that the Halakha was at this period just becoming crystallized, and that much variation existed as to its definite form; the disputes of the Bet Hillel  and Bet Shammai  were occurring about the time of his maturity.” This controversy was fought largely between opposing groups of Christians who were themselves ethnically Jewish. According to this interpretation, those who felt that conversion to Judaism was a prerequisite for Church membership were eventually condemned by Paul as “Judaizing teachers “.

The source of this interpretation is unknown; however, it appears related to Supersessionism  or Hyperdispensationalism  (see also New Perspective on Paul ). In addition, modern Christians, such as Ethiopian Orthodox and Coptic Orthodox still practice circumcision while not considering it a part of conversion to Judaism, nor do they consider themselves to be Jews or Jewish Christians. In 1st century Pharisaic Judaism  there was controversy over the significance of circumcision, for example between Hillel the Elder  and Shammai  (see also Circumcision in the Bible #In rabbinic literature ). Roman Catholicism condemned circumcision for its members in 1442, at the Council of Florence (*).

New Testament

The New Testament , sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, and sometimes also New Covenant which is the literal translation of the Greek language, is the name given to the final portion of the Bible, the…

Conversion to Judaism

Conversion to Judaism is the religious conversion of a previously gentile person to the Judaism religion….

Halakha

Halakha is the collective corpus of Judaism religious law, including biblical law and later talmudic and rabbinic law as well as customs and traditions….

Rabbinic Judaism

Rabbinic Judaism or Rabbinism was the continuation of the Pharisees after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70….

Jewish Encyclopedia

The Jewish Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia originally published between 1901 and 1906 by Funk and Wagnalls….

Hillel the Elder

Hillel was a famous Jewish religious leader who lived in Jerusalem during the time of Herod the Great; he is one of the most important figures in Jewish history, associated with the Mishnah and the Talmud….

Shammai

Shammai was a Jewish scholar of the 1st century, and an important figure in Judaism’s core work of rabbinic literature, the Mishnah….

Judaizers

Judaizers is a pejorative term used in the Bible in the Epistles of St. Paul, and particularly after the third century, to describe Jewish Christian groups like the Ebionites and Nazarenes who believed that followers of Jesus needed to keep the…

Supersessionism

Supersessionism is the traditional Christian belief that Christianity is the fulfillment of the Old Testament, and therefore that Jews who deny that Jesus is the Messiah fall short of their calling as Tetragrammaton chosen people….

Hyperdispensationalism

Hyper-dispensationalism, as opposed to traditional Dispensationalism, views the start of the Christian church as beginning with the ministry of the Paul_of_Tarsus after the early part of the book of Acts….

New Perspective on Paul

The New Perspective on Paul is the name given to a significant shift in how some New Testament scholars interpret the writings of Paul of Tarsus, particularly in regard to Judaism and the common Protestant understanding of Justification by Fait…

Pharisees

The Pharisees were, depending on the time, a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought among Jews that flourished during the Second Temple Era….

Hillel the Elder

Hillel was a famous Jewish religious leader who lived in Jerusalem during the time of Herod the Great; he is one of the most important figures in Jewish history, associated with the Mishnah and the Talmud….

Shammai

Shammai was a Jewish scholar of the 1st century, and an important figure in Judaism’s core work of rabbinic literature, the Mishnah….

Circumcision in the Bible

Circumcision, when practiced as a rite, has its foundations in the Bible, in the Abrahamic covenant, such as , and is therefore practiced by Jews and Muslims and some Christians, those who constitute the Abrahamic religions….

Council of Florence

The Council of Florence, was a council of bishops and other ecclesiastics of the Catholic Church which began at Basel, Switzerland, in 1431, was transferred to Ferrara in 1438 and later transferred to Florence in 1439….

Surviving communities whose origins reflect both Judaism and early Christianity

The Nasrani  or Syrian Malabar Nasrani  community in Kerala , India  is conscious of their Jewish origins. However, they have lost many of their Jewish traditions due to western influences. The Nasrani  are also known as Syrian Christians or St. Thomas Christians. This is because they follow the traditions of Syriac Christianity  and claim descent from the early converts by St. Thomas the Apostle. Today, they belong to various denominations of Christianity but they have kept their unique identity within each of these denominations. (Refer to St. Thomas Christians).

Two of the existing communities that still maintain their Jewish traditions are the Knananites and the Fallasha. The Knanaya , who are an endogamous sub-ethnic group among the Syrian Malabar Nasrani  are the descendants of early Jewish Christian settlers who arrived in Kerala in A.D 345. Although affiliated with a variety of Roman Catholic and Oriental Orthodox denominations, they have remained a cohesive community, shunning intermarriage with outsiders (but not with fellow-Knanaya of other denominations). The Fallasha  of Ethiopia likewise reflect a Hebrew tradition that was outside the influence of much of the conflicts and conquests of the Hebrews of Israel and Judea.

Nasrani

Nasrani is an Arabic word meaning Christian.Nasrani is generally understood to originally mean Nazarene, but in some areas of the Arab world, tradition holds that it derives from nasr , and means “people of victory” in refere…

Syrian Malabar Nasrani

The Syrian Malabar Nasrani people are an ethnic community in Kerala, South India. It is a term which refers those who became Christians in the Malabar coast in the earliest days of Christianity, including the natives and the Jewish diaspora in …

Kerala

Kerala is a States and territories of India on the tropical Malabar of southwestern India. To its east and northeast, Kerala borders Tamil Nadu and Karnataka; to its west and south lie the Indian Ocean islands of Lakshadweep and the Maldives, r…

India

India , officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries by area country by geographical area, the List of countries by population country, and the largest liberal democracy in the world….

Nasrani

Nasrani is an Arabic word meaning Christian.Nasrani is generally understood to originally mean Nazarene, but in some areas of the Arab world, tradition holds that it derives from nasr , and means “people of victory” in refere…

Syriac Christianity

Syriac Christianity is a culturally and linguistically distinctive community within Eastern Christianity….

Knanaya

Knanaya Christians are Jewish Christians from Kerala, India.Menachery G. 1973, 1998; Vellian Jacob 2001; Weil,S….

Syrian Malabar Nasrani

The Syrian Malabar Nasrani people are an ethnic community in Kerala, South India. It is a term which refers those who became Christians in the Malabar coast in the earliest days of Christianity, including the natives and the Jewish diaspora in …

Beta Israel

The Beta Israel, known by outsiders by the term Falasha , a term that they consider to be pejorative, are Jews of Ethiopian origin….

Contemporary Jewish Christians

There are at least two varieties of syncretism s between Judaism and Christianity: syncretisms that emphasize Christianity (Jewish Christians) and syncretisms focusing on Judaism (Messianic Jews). “Jewish Christians” is sometimes used as a contemporary term in respect of persons who are ethnically Jewish but who have become part of a “mainstream” Christian group which is not predominantly based on an appeal to Jewish ethnicity or the Law of Moses. This term is used as a contrast to Messianic Jews, many of whom are ethnic Jews who have converted to a religion in which Christian belief (usually evangelical ) is generally grafted onto Jewish ritual which would, to outsiders at least, typically resemble Judaism more than Christianity.

The term could thus be used, for example, of Arnold Fruchtenbaum , the founder of Ariel Ministries. Another group which could be described as Jewish Christians is “Jews for Jesus “.

Syncretism

Syncretism is the attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought….

Evangelicalism

The word evangelicalism usually refers to a tendency in diverse branches of conservative Christianity….

Arnold Fruchtenbaum

Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum is the Jewish founder and director of Ariel Ministries, an organization which prioritizes evangelization and discipleship of Jewish people in the effort to bring them to the knowledge and understanding that Jesus is the J…

Jews for Jesus

Jews for Jesus is a Christian Evangelism organization based in San Francisco, California, whose goal is to religious conversion Jews that Jesus is the Messiah and God….

Modern Jewish Christians and Messianic Jews

There are important similarities and differences between “Jewish Christians” (or “Hebrew Christians”) and “Messianic Jews “. Jewish Christians identify themselves primarily as Christian s. They are (mostly) members of Protestant and Catholic  congregations, (usually) are not so strict about observing Kashrut (Jewish dietary laws) or the Sabbath, and are (generally) assimilated culturally into the Christian mainstream, although they retain a strong sense of their Jewish identity which they, like Messianic Jews, strongly desire to pass on to their children. In Israel, there is a growing population of Orthodox Christians who are of Jewish descent and conduct their worship mostly in Hebrew (the most prominent language in Israel, as well as the official language). Messianic Jews  consider their primary identity to be “Jewish” and belief in Jesus  to be the logical conclusion of their “Jewishness”. They try to structure their worship according to Jewish norms, they circumcise their sons and (mostly) abstain from non-kosher foods, and (often) observe the Sabbath. Many (but by no means all) do not use the label “Christian” to describe themselves. The boundary between the two movements is blurred, but the differences between the two movements are such that it may not be fair to treat them as one (cf. Baptist s and Methodists , for example).

There are a few organizations which have been established to support Jews who wish to become Christian, most notably Jews for Jesus .

Additionally, there are a few organizations to support Messianic Jews who wish to remain faithful to Torah , most notably the UMJC and MRC.

Messianic Judaism

Messianic Judaism is a religion acknowledging the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth that claims at least 47,000 followers and 280 congregations worldwide as of 2006….

Christian

A Christian is a follower of Jesus, referred to as Christ. Christians believe Jesus to be the Son of God, who lived a life befitting that of the creator of the universe, free of sin, who at the end of his earthly life was Crucifixion, and then…

Catholic

Catholic – derived, through Latin, from the Greek language adjective , meaning “general”, “universal” – when used as a specifically Christian religious term, can have a number of meanings:…

Messianic Judaism

Messianic Judaism is a religion acknowledging the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth that claims at least 47,000 followers and 280 congregations worldwide as of 2006….

Jesus

Jesus,Some of the historians and Biblical scholars who place the birth and death of Jesus within this range include D….

Baptist

A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church or a person who believes in the practice of baptism by immersion into water….

Methodism

Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related religious denominations of Protestant Christianity….

Jews for Jesus

Jews for Jesus is a Christian Evangelism organization based in San Francisco, California, whose goal is to religious conversion Jews that Jesus is the Messiah and God….

Torah

Torah is a Hebrew language word meaning “teaching,” “instruction,” or “law”. It is the central and most important document of Judaism revered by Jews through the ages….

Gentile Christians destroyed the roots of Jewish (what Jesus actually taught) influence of Christianity

Posted in Christianity, Jewish History, Religion, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , on January 8, 2009 by Michael Burks

http://www.churchisraelforum.com/how_did_a_nice_jewish_church_become_gentile.htm

HOW DID A NICE JEWISH CHURCH BECOME GENTILE?

 

     Jesus, the founder of the Church, was a Jew. Not only was Jesus a Jew, but his disciples were all Jewish. They were all born as Jews and they lived as Jews. They worshipped regularly at their synagogues and at the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem (Lk. 4:16;Acts 2:46). The early church was a Jewish church, with a Jewish constituency and Jewish leaders. Let us consider some evidences of these facts.

 

BACK WHEN CHRISTIANITY WAS ALL JEWISH

 

     We know from scripture that Jesus’ followers kept the Sabbath and Jewish festivals (Acts 13:13-15; 17:2). Although the Apostle Paul was the disciple to the Gentiles, he was still thoroughly Jewish. He once hurried from Gentile lands to Jerusalem that he might arrive in time to keep the Jewish festival of Pentecost (Acts. 20:16). When he arrived in Jerusalem he underwent a Jewish ceremony of purification in the company of other Jews who had made vows to God (Acts 21:26). It is evident that the earliest Christians showed deep respect toward the requirements of the Jewish law (Acts 21:20).

     The Church in Jerusalem continued as a Jewish Church for several generations. The historian, Eusebius, reports that the first fifteen bishops of Jerusalem, until the time of Hadrian (AD 135), were all Hebrews. After the fifteenth bishop, Narcissus, we finally hear of Marcus, who is listed by Eusebius as being the first Gentile bishop of Jerusalem. He also reports that the whole church consisted of Hebrews.

 

EARLY RELATIONS WITH GENTILES

 

     The Church was so thoroughly Jewish from its earliest days that it greatly struggled with the problem of Gentiles. In Matthew 10:5-6, we see this tension reflected even in the ministry of Jesus and his disciples. We see the problem regarding Gentiles continuing on for some time in the early Church. In Acts 8, we see a problem emerging as the evangelist Philip went down to Samaria and proclaimed the Gospel. It was apparently necessary in this instance for leaders from Jerusalem to come down and approve the outreach to this mostly Gentile people (Acts 8:14).

     Later, Peter had an experience with Gentiles in relation to the centurion, Cornelius (Acts 10:1- 11:18). The angel of God appeared to the devout Cornelius in Caesarea, and requested that he send for Peter. While Peter was in Joppa he himself had a vision, and in the vision God showed him many unclean animals and requested that he kill and eat of them. Although Peter was hungry, he still protested that he had never eaten of such non-kosher food. In the vision the Lord spoke to Peter that he should not call anything unclean that God had made clean (Acts. 10:15).

     We remember from Acts how Peter heeded the vision and went to visit with the Gentile Cornelius and his friends. As he began to preach the Holy Spirit fell upon them all just as he had fallen on the Jews at Pentecost. After this episode Peter apparently felt it necessary to go up to Jerusalem and explain this event to the disciples. There the circumcised believers criticized him saying, “You went into the house of uncircumcised men and ate with them” (Acts 11:3). Peter then had to relate his whole experience to the leaders. After they heard it, they all agreed that God had indeed granted repentance to the Gentiles.

     Later, Paul who was called as an apostle to the Gentiles (Rom. 11:13) found it necessary to defend his ministry before the leaders in Jerusalem. This great confrontation concerning Gentiles resulted in what is called the Council of Jerusalem and is mentioned in Acts 15:1-35 and in Galatians 2:1-10. The question at this conference was whether or not believing Gentiles would be required to become circumcised and keep all the requirements of the Law.

     At this conference Peter was able to speak up on behalf of the Gentiles. After him, James, the leader of the church, gave his opinion that they should not make it difficult for Gentiles coming to the faith (Acts 15:19). The question was resolved and it was determined that Gentiles would not have to become circumcised and keep the law.

     We see that up until this time the Church in Jerusalem was very Jewish. This situation continued on throughout the first century and well into the second century. Gruber remarks about this saying: “In the first century, the most heated, controversial, doctrinal issue of all that the Church faced was: ‘How do the Gentiles fit into all this?’…Today the most heated, controversial, doctrinal issue that the Church faces is: ‘How do the Jews fit into all this?’” *

     It is clear even in the early days of the Gentile Church that it was closely connected to the Jewish Church in Jerusalem. Paul apparently patterned the Gentile churches after those in Judea (1 Thess. 2:14). He taught Gentile churches of their great debt to the people of Israel. He even insisted that because of this great debt, the Gentile churches should take an offering for believers in Israel (Rom. 15:27).

     It is a surprising fact of church history that the first general offering mentioned in the New Testament is an offering taken among the Gentiles on behalf of Jews in Israel. It is also surprising that the bulk of stewardship teaching of the New Testament is based upon this offering for Israel. Today the world-wide Church raises money for every conceivable program. Unfortunately, the modern Church seldom follows the biblical and blessed pattern of taking offerings for Israel.

 

A PARTING OF THE WAY

 

     The decision of Jerusalem in Acts 15:5-29 concerning circumcision, undoubtedly helped to widen the growing rift between the Jews and Gentile Christians. Circumcision was, and is today, a critical matter for the Jews. We realize that before AD 70, the Christians were still considered a sect of Judaism. We see this clearly in Acts 2:47, where the Church is described as “enjoying the favor of all the people.” We see it again in Acts 24:5, where the “Nazarine sect” is mentioned.

     The real problems began to develop somewhere around AD 66-70, with the Jewish revolt against Rome. At this time the Christians in Jerusalem fled to Pella in Perea. Pella was located in the present Jordanian foothills, about 60 miles northeast of Jerusalem. The Christians probably fled Jerusalem because of the specific instructions of Jesus (Lk. 21:20-22). Although some from Jerusalem seem to have returned after the war, we can understand how Christians from this point on, must have been regarded as traitors to the Jewish cause.

     Not only was there a change in the Christian situation, there was also now a drastic change in the Jewish situation. In AD 70, Jerusalem was conquered and the Temple was destroyed by the Roman general, Titus. The Jewish Temple, the sacrificial system, and numerous customs and practices of Judaism came to an abrupt end.

     However, very quickly a new center of Judaism arose and continued along Pharasaic lines at a place called Yavneh near the Mediterranean coast. The Yavneh School accomplished many constructive things. The Old Testament canon was defined and considerable work was carried on toward establishing the official text of the Hebrew Bible. However, Yavneh was also responsible for one other thing that made the division between Jew and Christian much deeper. Somewhere around AD 90, the Birkat ha-Minim (the Heretic Benediction) was adopted and came into regular synagogue usage. The Heretic Benediction, which was a condemnation of sects, may not have been drafted specifically against the Christians, but it certainly included them. From this point on it would be exceedingly difficult for Jewish Christians to sit comfortably in the synagogue while their own faith was being cursed.

     The final parting of the way was now close at hand. The stage was fully set with the Bar Kochba revolt against Rome in AD 132-135. Probably because Bar Kochba was looked upon as a messianic figure, and even acclaimed as such by the famous Rabbi Akiva, the Jewish Christians could not be involved. This war was the final blow that severed the two communities.”

     After Rome’s second conquest of the Jews, the Emperor Hadrian renamed the city of Jerusalem Aelia Capitolina. On the Temple Mount he constructed a temple to Jupiter and forbade Jews to enter Jerusalem. Many of the surviving Jewish leaders went into hiding and eventually the Jewish center of learning was transferred to the Galilee. We can understand how contacts between Jews and Christians would become much more difficult after all this.

 

THE RIFT WIDENS

 

     We can clearly trace the events within Judaism that separated Jews and Christians. However, there were also events and movements within Christianity itself that contributed to the separation and even widened it. There was an early and continuing debate over the proper date for the celebration of Easter. In primitive days Easter was celebrated along with the Jewish Passover, but in time the Church began to grow uneasy with this Jewish connection. The problem flared up in AD 167 in Laodicea and later in 190, with several church synods being held to try and reconcile the problem. Later at the Council of Nicea the problem was settled once for all and a permanent separation was made with the Jews and their Passover.

     There soon arose a tendency in the early Church to deprecate the Jewish people and the biblical position of Israel. This tendency can be seen even as early as the church father Justin Martyr (ca. AD 160). There was probably no writer who did any more damage to the Hebrew roots of Christianity than Origen (185?-254?), the early church father from Alexandria. Origen has been credited as being the father of the allegorical method of interpreting the scriptures. Through this methodology the biblical position of Israel and the Jewish people was allegorized and simply rendered irrelevant. Although Origen was considered a heretic in his lifetime and was later officially branded as such by the Church, his influence lived on and greatly increased. Because of the popular church father, Eusebius, Origen’s heresy finally triumphed at Nicea.

 

THE COUNCIL OF NICEA

 

     With the supposed conversion of the Roman Emperor Constantine, the nature of Christianity began to undergo a rapid and radical transformation. Constantine was eager to consolidate his gains and was determined to quell the various divisions within Christianity. Two problems were particularly difficult, the Arian Controversy, which contested the divine nature of Christ, and the continuing divisions over the proper date and celebration of Easter.

     In the year AD 325, the Council of Nicea was called together by the new Emperor. The Arian controversy was settled and the council ruled that Easter would be celebrated according to Roman and western practices. The anti-Israel spirit of this meeting can be seen in some of the statements of the council: “Let us then have nothing in common with the most hostile rabble of the Jews….In pursuing this course with a unanimous consent, let us withdraw ourselves…from that most odious fellowship [the Jews].” * The opinion of the Council was not to be taken lightly. Now the Church had behind it the full power of the Roman Empire. Any dissent would be looked upon as criminal. From this point on the sword of the Empire and not the sword of the Spirit would determine church doctrine and practice. There is no doubt that this council was an important turning point in the history of the Church. Israel was cast aside and the Church officially became the “new Israel.” *

     The triumphalistic Church of Constantine was now effectively cut off from its Jewish roots. It would receive its sustenance from the Greco-Roman and pagan culture around it. It could no longer be truly biblically-based. The trend would continue to modern times. In its attempt to appropriate the heritage of Israel, the Church has been the real loser. In its bungled attempt, it has almost lost the heritage of Israel altogether. Today the modern Church tries to draw its life from every possible source, yet it withers; it fades; it starves for true nourishment

                                                                                    

                                                                                                                    

GENTILE CHURCHES PATTERN AFTER JEWS